EVidence to Inform South African TB policies: EVISAT Project
To contribute to evidence-informed policy development in South Africa, the EVISAT: Evidence to Inform South African Tuberculosis policies project, led by the CEBHC, provided oversight, quality assurance and management for the conduct of robust systematic reviews on the epidemiology of and programmatic response to Tuberculosis (TB) in South Africa, while taking stock of international systematic review evidence on strategies to prevent, diagnose, manage and offer services to those with TB.
New systematic reviews
The project commenced with meetings with WHO and National Department of Health to clarify the review questions. Six new systematic reviews were then conducted by six review teams consisting of both TB and systematic review methodology experts. Each review assessed the epidemiology and programmatic response to TB within a specific vulnerable population.
For full text of new systematic reviews visit: http://www.afro.who.int/en/south-africa/country-programmes/4247-tuberculosis-tb.html
|Review topic||Names of reviewers|
|Epidemiology of and programmatic response to TB in healthcare workers and infection and prevention control programmes in South Africa||Liesl Nicol, Shaheen Mehtar, Kheertan Dheda, Shahieda Adams, Martie van der Walt and Muhammad OsmanContact: email@example.com|
|Epidemiology of and programmatic response to TB in South African informal settlements||Mareli Claassens, Alliance Nikuze, Tawanda Chivese, Moleen Zunza, Nulda BeyersContact: firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Epidemiology of and programmatic response to TB in South African children||Anthony J. Garcia-Prats, Folasade Adeniyi, Karen du Preez, Simone Nicol, and Helena RabieContact: email@example.com|
|Epidemiology of and programmatic response to TB in inmates and correctional facilities in South Africa||Fidele K. Mukinda and Hassan MahomedContact: firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Epidemiology of and programmatic response to TB in HIV positive people in South Africa||Charles S. Wiysonge, Keren Middelkoop, Kogieleum Naidoo, Liesl Nicol, Nesri PadayatchiContact: email@example.com|
|Epidemiology of and programmatic response to TB in mine workers and the mining community in South Africa||Shingai Machingaidze, Piotr Hippner, Paul Van Helden, Liesl NicolContact: firstname.lastname@example.org|
Preliminary findings of the new reviews were discussed at a national stakeholder consultation workshop which provided an opportunity for various stakeholders to provide comments and input during the process of conducting the systematic reviews, to discuss the relevance and applicability of the research findings, identify research gaps and discuss the policy implications of the research findings.
Summaries of existing systematic reviews on TB
We identified a large number of existing systematic reviews of the effects of interventions to prevent, diagnose, treat and offer health services to those with TB. At the EVISAT national stakeholder consultation participants reviewed a comprehensive list of existing systematic reviews on TB and selected the reviews that were most relevant to them. Based on this selection process a shortlist of existing systematic reviews was generated. Evidence summaries of these reviews were conducted.
The World Health Organization (WHO) commissioned the EVISAT project in support of the South Africa National Department of Health. USAID and the Joint United Nation Programme on HIV/AIDS funded the EVISAT project. The Centre for Evidence-based Health Care (CEBHC) www.sun.ac.za/cebhc in collaboration with the Desmond Tutu TB Centre (DTTC) www.sun.ac.za/tb, and the Health Systems and Services Research (HSSR) Unit at Stellenbosch University managed the EVISAT project.